Office of Adolescent Health

Love Notes EBP Study Details


Citation(s) Cunningham, M. R., van Zyl, M. A., & Borders, K. W. (2016). Evaluation of Love Notes and Reducing the Risk in Louisville, Kentucky. Final Evaluation Report to the University of Louisville Research Foundation, Louisville, KY.
Program Evaluated Love Notes
Evidence of Effectiveness Yes
Study Rating and Explanation Moderate — Random assignment study with high attrition that that did not meet the criteria for a high rating but met all criteria for a moderate rating; findings show a positive, statistically significant impact for at least one behavioral outcome
Review Date October 2015

Program Information

Program Type

Sexuality education
Programs for special populations
Youth development

Program Length

Fewer than 10 sessions
✓ 10 to 20 sessions
More than 20 sessions

Evaluation Setting

After school/community-based
Health clinic
Elementary school
Middle school
High school
Multiple settings
Specialized setting

Study Sample

Average Age Group

13 or younger
✓ 14 to 17
18 or 19

Majority Racial/Ethnic Group

✓ African American


✓ Both genders
Female only
Male only

Research Design

Assignment Method Cluster randomized controlled trial
Sample Size 933
Number of Follow-Ups 3
Length of Last Follow-Up 3

Study Findings

Sexual Initiation/Abstinence +
Recent Sexual Activity +
Number of Sexual Partners 0
Frequency of Sexual Activity Not measured
Contraceptive Use and/or Consistency +
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or HIV Not measured
Pregnancy or Birth +

Study Findings Key

+ = Statistically Significant Positive Impact
0 = Not Statistically Significant
– = Statistically Significant Negative Impact
Not Measured
Did Not Meet Standards