Office of Adolescent Health

Love Notes EBP Study Findings

Evidence by Outcome Domain and Study

Citation Sexual Activity Number of Sexual Partners Contraceptive Use STIs or HIV Pregnancy
Cunningham et al. 2016 (Love Notes)  green  grey  green  yellow

Detailed Findings

Citation Details
Cunningham et al. 2016 (Love Notes) The program was evaluated with a clustered randomized controlled trial involving 23 community-based organizations in Louisville, KY. Youth were recruited into the study on a rolling basis in small groups. Each group was randomly assigned to one of three research conditions: a treatment group receiving the Love Notes intervention, a treatment group receiving the Reducing the Risk intervention, or a control group receiving a program on neighborhood assets and community change. Data for the study were collected before the intervention, immediately after the intervention, and at three, six, 12, and 24 months after the end of the intervention. This article focused on data collected at the 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups.

Six months after the end of the intervention, the study found that adolescents in the Love Notes group were less likely than those in the control group to report ever having sex, having any sexual activity in the past three months, having sex without a condom in the past three months, having sex without using birth control in the past three months, and ever being pregnant. The study found no statistically significant program impacts on measures of number of sexual partners or pregnancy in the last 3 months. The study found no statistically significant program impacts on any of these outcomes for the 3- or 12-month follow-up surveys.

Notes

Some study entries may include more than one citation because each citation examines a different follow-up period from the same study sample, or because each citation examines a different set of outcome measures on the same study sample. A blank cell indicates the study did not examine any outcome measures within the particular outcome domain or the findings for the outcome measures within that domain did not meet the review evidence standards.

Information on evidence of effectiveness is available only for studies that received a high or moderate rating. Read the description of the review process for more information on how these programs are identified.